Alexander Garrett

  • The Garrett Street area was named for Alexander Garrett, who was Albemarle County’s clerk of court, the clerk of the Circuit Court and the University of Virginia’s first bursar.
  • Like his close friend Thomas Jefferson, Garrett obtains his wealth by enslaving African-Americans. His 117-acre plantation, Oak Hill, stretched south from what is today South Street.
  • His plantation house was called Midway and was located near Friendship Court at the intersection of what is today Second Street Southeast and Garrett Street. In 1881, Midway School opened—the city’s first all-white elementary school. It is thought to be named for Garrett’s former plantation house.
  • At the time of his death in 1860, according to his last will and testament, Garrett enslaved at least 51 African-Americans: William, James, Montgomery, Martin, Edwin, Dick, Joe, Randolph, Celia, Jones, Mary Thomas, Eliza, Nancy, Peter, Unknown, Carter, Nelson, Cathy, Judy, Sarah, Muriel, Unknown, William, Elick Sr., Unknown, Lewis, Unknown, Richard, Martha, Elizabeth, Susan, Patsey, Becky, John, Henry, Harry, Mary, Kitty, Fanny, David, Abraham, Bob, Richard, William, James, Elick Jr., James, Pricilla, Ann, Betsy, Albert.

I hereby give unto my son John B. Garrett and to his heirs forever, my negro man Montgomery.

— Alexander Garrett’s last will and testament

The Reimagining of Friendship Court

By Jordy Yager

The redevelopment of Friendship Court is slated to be the largest new construction of low-income housing undertaken in Charlottesville in more than two decades. The plan alone is groundbreaking, having been directly created by current Section 8 residents in partnership with Piedmont Housing Alliance. City staff calls it the most nuanced and complex plan they’ve ever encountered. It ambitiously attempts to balance promises of zero resident displacement with the city’s broader affordable housing needs, while also calling for hundreds of new, likely higher-income, residents to move in, as residents hope to de-stigmatize the lasting effects of poverty born out of generations of racist government policy and neglect.

This year will be the make-or-break year for Friendship Court’s redevelopment efforts. Millions of dollars in city, federal, and private funding stand between the massive plan and the highly anticipated 2020 groundbreaking. And while the green lights have begun to align and most residents are excited, the plan has its critics — those who call for greater levels of resident autonomy, greater security measures to guard against social and cultural displacement, and greater reparations for past wrongs.

In crafting this project, we’ve tried to tackle all of this and more by separating the longer narratives into five major questions:

Part 1: What is the plan?
Part 2: How did we get here?
Part 3: Does mixed-income housing work?
Part 4: Who does Friendship Court belong to?
Part 5: What’s next?

But we also wanted to give you access to as much of our reporting as possible, so we’ve created a timeline that details the history of this area, dating back 150 years, through the use of more than 130 maps, documents, archived articles, and photographs. Similarly, we wanted you to actually hear each of the two dozen long-form interviews we conducted, and not merely the portions we’ve included in the individual stories. So we’ve included more than 300 audio clips throughout the story: in the articles, the timeline, and on each person’s profile page. Our hope is that with all this, more of the picture will begin to emerge, and that, as we stand ready to make powerful and significant changes in the city, we all can help craft the solutions.